Only half of the grants offered by government to businesses and councils to install renewable heating schemes are being claimed.
One of the main reasons appears to be lack of publicity, but the grant conditions also are claimed to be too tight.
Under the Renewable Heat Incentive,
businesses and public sector bodies can claim a subsidy for every unit
of power generated from technologies such as solar water heating panels,
biomass boilers and heat pumps, in the same way as can be claimed for
renewable electricity under the feed-in tariff scheme.
The first tranche of the scheme, launched last year by the Department
of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), was underspent by 50%: £5.5m of
the £10.8m budget was unclaimed. According to Ofgem, just 176 schemes are receiving payment, a pitifully small number.
The second stage, worth £7m was launched in March, and the latest
figures show a total of only £817,250 claimed. The vast majority of
these are for solid biomass boilers.
If this rate of uptake continues until the scheme closes in March 2013, just £3.9m will be spent.
New figures, released yesterday, show that DECC's current estimated
expenditure for 2012/13, based on the total number of RHI applications
received to date, is £18m. The cap on spending is £70m. At this rate
DECC estimates only £42m will be spent.
As the figure is based on applications rather than fully accredited installations, the eventual figure is likely to be lower.
The Renewable Energy Association's head of policy, Paul Thompson,
said the difficulty in giving away the grants is due to three factors,
all decided by DECC: the time-limit, the lack of publicity, and the
small amount of support on offer, which, he said was “not enough money
to influence people's decisions".
He said: "You've got to have a bright idea that's pretty much developed to be in a position to be able to meet the deadlines".
He called upon DECC to use unspent funds to run publicity campaigns.
The Department is currently deciding what to do with unspent funds from
the social landlord's scheme.
DECC also launched an £8m competition for community groups
on 24 July, to install renewable heating. Grants up to £160,000 are
available but applications must be in by 7 September, which is too early
for some groups to manage. In addition, the completion schedule is
tight: projects have to be completed by the end of the financial year.
EU targets dictate that 12% of the nation's heating needs to come
from renewable sources by 2020, an increase of 2.2% on 2011 levels.
What is mystifying is the lack of installation of solar thermal. In
the previous support system run by DECC, solar water heating was by far
the most popular technology. It has proved to be very successful in this
country, much more so than solar PV in terms of value for money.
In fact, renewable heat in general it is more cost-effective than renewable electricity, at a small scale.